Chicago

Chicago Basics

  • Chicago typically uses footnotes instead of in-text citations.
  • Titles of books, journals, newspapers, or magazines are italicized.
  • Titles of articles are put in quotation marks.
  • Publication dates are presented in Month Day, Year format.
  • Place of publication includes the city only. If the city is not readily known, include the state.
  • If there is no author, the title is listed first.
  • When citing a source in footnotes consecutively after the first shorten citation use, you may use “Ibid.” followed by the page number.
Example:
4.Henderson, On Line and on Paper, 30.
5.Ibid., 35.

Book Entry-Single Author

Bibliography
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of publication: Publisher’s name, Date of publication.

Henderson, Kathryn. On Line and on Paper: Visual Representations, Visual Culture, and Computer Graphics in Design Engineering. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999.

Footnote
First use:

1. First Name Last Name, Title of Book (City of publication: Publisher’s name, Date of publication), page numbers.
1. Kathryn Henderson, On Line and on Paper: Visual Representations, Visual Culture, and Computer Graphics in Design Engineering (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1999), 20–23.

Any uses in footnotes after that:

2. Last name, abbreviated title, page number.
2. Henderson, On Line and on Paper, 30.

Book Entry-Two or more Authors

Bibliography
Last Name, First name and First Name Last Name. Book Title. City of publication: Publisher’s name, Date of publication.

Pope Robbins, Laura and Lisa Esposito. Understanding Libraries. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005.

Footnote
First Use

1. First Name Last Name and First Name Last Name, Book Title (City of publication: Publisher’s name, Date of publication), page number.

1. Laura Pope Robbins and Lisa Esposito, Understanding Libraries (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005), 16.

Any uses in footnotes after that:

2.Last Name and Last Name, Book Title, Page numbers.
2.Pope Robbins and Esposito, Understanding Libraries, 16.

For four or more authors, list all of the authors in the bibliography; in a footnote, list only the first author, followed by et al.

1. Dana Barnes et al., Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s . . .
2. Barnes et al., Plastics . . .

eBook

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, year. Name of Database (Vendor), Vendor (accessed Month Day, Year).

Murphy, Kevin. Fly Fishing in Connecticut : A Guide for Beginners. Middletown, Conn: Wesleyan University Press, 2012. eBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost), EBSCOhost (accessed December 9, 2013).

Book- Editor, translator, or compiler instead of author

Bibliography
Last Name, First Name, trans. Book Title. City of publication: Publisher, date of publication.

Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Footnote
First Use

1. First Name Last Name, trans., Book Title (City of publication: Publisher, date of publication), page numbers.
1. Richmond Lattimore, trans., The Iliad of Homer (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961), 91–92.

Any uses in footnotes after that

2. Last name, title, page number.
2. Lattimore, Iliad, 24.

Journal Article-print

Bibliography
Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Journal title Volume (date): page numbers of whole article.
Waterhouse, Janetta. “Revving up with a Technology Tuneup.” Computers in Libraries 24.8 (2004):10–15.

Footnote
First use:

1. First Name Last Name, “Article title,” Journal Title volume (date): page number used.
1. Janetta Waterhouse, “Revving up with a Technology Tuneup,” Computers in Libraries 24.8 (2004): 12.

Any uses in footnotes after that:
2. Last Name, “Article Title,” pages used.
2. Waterhouse, “Technology Tuneup,” 13.

Journal Article-online

Some online journals use Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). A DOI is a permanent identifier that when added to this URL, http://dx.doi.org/ , will lead to the source. If no DOI is available, list the URL of an article. Include an access date only if required by your discipline.

Bibliography
Last name, First Name. “Article title.” Journal title volume (date): page numbers. Accessed date. doi:xx.xxxx/xxxx.
Wraga, William G. “From slogan to anathema: Historical representations of life adjustment education.” American Journal of Education 116 (February 2010): 185–210. Accessed May 16, 2012. doi: 10.1086/649456.

Footnote
First use:
1. First Name Last Name, “Article title,” Journal title volume (date): page numbers. Accessed date. doi:xx.xxxx/xxxx.
1. William G. Wraga, “From slogan to anathema: Historical representations of life adjustment education,” American Journal of Education 116 (February 2010): 185–210. Accessed May 16, 2012. doi: 10.1086/649456.

Any uses in footnotes after that:
2. Last Name, “Article Title,” page number.
2. Wraga, “From slogan to anathema,” 190.

Newspaper or Magazine Article

If no author is identified, begin the citation with the article title. If the article is accessed on the Newspaper or magazines website, include the date you accessed it.

Bibliography
Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Title of Newspaper or magazine, Month day year.
Ellis, David. “Heartworm Drug Recalled.” Newsday, September 28, 2004.
Dreier, Troy. “Microsoft Overhauls its Windows Media Player.” PC Magazine, October 5, 2004.

Footnote
First Use
1. First Name Last name, “article title,” Title of Newspaper or magazine, Month Day year, page number.
1. David Ellis, “Heartworm Drug Recalled.” Newsday, September 28, 2004, A6.
1. Troy Dreier, “Microsoft Overhauls its Windows Media Player,” PC Magazine, October 5, 2004, 32.

Any uses in footnotes after that:
2. Last name, “article title,” page number.
2. Ellis, “Heartworm Drug Recalled,” A6.
2. Dreier, “Heartworm Drug Recalled,” 32.

Websites

When citing a website, it is important to note the date of access, or the date the site was last modified, because internet content can change suddenly. If no author is available or known, start the citation with the title of the page, and name the owner of the site after the title of the page.

Bibliography
Last Name, First name. “Title of Page.” site owner. Last Modified Month day, year. Accessed Month day, year, URL
Kretz, Chris. “Citation of Sources.” Dowling College Library. Last Modified August 5, 2004. Accessed September 28, 2004. http://www.dowling.edu/library/links/citlink.shtm.

Footnote
First use:
1. First Name Last Name, “Title of Page,” Site owner, Last Modified Month day, year, Accessed Month day, year, URL
1. Chris Kretz, “Citation of Sources,” Dowling College Library, Last Modified August 5, 2004, Accessed September 28, 2004, http://www.dowling.edu/library/links/citlink.shtm.

Any uses in footnotes after that:
2. Last name, “Title of Page.”
2. Kretz, “Citation of Sources.”

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Last updated December 09, 2013, at 12:35 PM by Laura